Monday, September 10, 2012

Be a military reservist, serve the people


ARMY RESERVISTS are regularly deployed for disaster response operations in calamity-stricken areas. In this file photo, members of the Seach and Rescue Unit (SARU) of the NCRRCDG, ARESCOM, PA are assisting people in flooded areas evacuate towards safer grounds during the onslaught of Habagat in Metro Manila. (Photo by Cpl Marlon San Esteban)

Since 1986, the Army Reserve Command (ARESCOM) has been organizing and administering reservists who are acknowledged as an integral part of the nation's defense against external aggression.

This assembly of reservists is in accordance to the Republic Act 7077 otherwise known as the Citizen Armed Force or Armed Forces of the Philippines Reservist Act.

It stipulates the need of the state to maintain a reserve force (aside from the regular force) that is prepared to respond to the call of duty, especially in times of war, invasion or rebellion.
This act also cites the three major functions of the reserve force – peacetime, crisis and war time roles.

At times of order and peace, the reserve force assists in the operation and maintenance of essential government or private utilities in the furtherance of its overall mission, as well as aid in socio-economic developments.

They exist through the concept of “Man in every Barangay”, mobilized for information gathering most especially at times of calamities.

During crisis, the reserve force units are engaged in nation-building activities such as disaster operation, rehabilitation operation and Medical and Dental Civic Action Program (MEDCAP).

It also provides service support, base defense and combat force when needed amid times of war.

With these roles, they have established their own worth over the years as a noble group called the Reserve Force.

Categories and Classifications of Reserve Units

Citizen soldiers or reservists are classified based on age – the first category, composed of able-bodied reservists whose ages are between 18-35, the second category, ages between 36-51 and the third category, ages above 51 years, but not more than 65.

They are also classified into three – the Ready Reserve, the Standby Reserve and the Retired Reserve.

As the name suggests, the Ready Reserve is comprised of reservists who are subject to be called at any time to augment the regular units of the military force during wartime or national emergency, calamities, disasters and other threats to peace and order or local emergencies and also to provide assistance in development activities.

Reservists belonging to the first category constitute the Ready Reserve together with qualified and fit for duty citizen soldiers from the second and third categories.

Meanwhile, the Standby Reserve is composed of the reservists from the second and third categories and are only mobilized or called for active duty only during times of war or national emergency.

However, being backups does not mean their skills are underdeveloped. In fact, non-resident and resident courses at training centers of the major services are set up regularly for that purpose.

The Standby Reservists could also volunteer to work on some of the Ready Reserve activities and could also upgrade their ranks in doing so.

Lastly, there is the Retired Reserve. As the name suggests, this is made up of citizen soldiers who have retired due to old age, disability or length of service. Sixty five is the retirement age.

A retired reservist could still be called for active duty at times of national and local emergencies as long as s/he is still qualified and fit to render his/her service.

As of July 2012, there are 42, 428 Ready Reservists and 69, 276 Standby Reservists.


Who are qualified to enlist as a reservist?

The Reserve Force is composed of different social groups which are as follows:

a) Degree holders who are Basic ROTC graduates
b) Out-of-school youth or undergrads who are graduates of the Special Basic Citizen Military Training (SBCMT)
c) Members of the Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit (CAFGU)
d) Former enlisted personnel


What are the general qualifications?
There are certain qualifications to become a citizen-soldier which includes:

a.) Applicant must be a Filipino citizen

b.) Must not be less than twenty-one (21) years nor more than sixty-four (64) years of age at the time of appointment as reserve officer

c.) Must pass the physical examination standards conducted by an authorized AFP hospital or civilian / government hospitals and the physical examination report to be validated by the Major Service Chief Surgeons

d.) Must be a graduate of a baccalaureate degree / Honorary degrees except deserving Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) / Petty Officers (POs).

e.) Must take the AFP aptitude test battery (AFPATB) except the elected government officials, appointed government officials, holders of government licenses, Master in National Security Administration (MNSA) graduates and Armed Forces of the Philippines Affiliated Reserve Unit (AFPARU) Personnel.

f.) Appropriate Pre-Commission Training for individual applicants and Military Orientation Training for AFPARU applicants shall be required prior to Commission into the Reserve Force.

Can women enlist and be commissioned as reservists?

Women shall have the right to serve and as such, relevant standards for admission, training and commissioning of women shall be the same as those required for men.

However, essential adjustments shall be made in such standards due to physiological differences between men and women.

What are the necessary documents needed to enlist as a reservist?

For degree holders and ROTC graduates, Transcript of Records (TOR), diploma, ROTC Declaration of Graduate and Order of Merit are needed. For out of school youth and undergraduates on the other hand, medical certificates and local clearances are also required.

What is the process to be enlisted as a reservist?

An interested applicant, an undergraduate or an out of school youth, must undergo a Special Basic Citizen Military Training (SBCMT) course at any community defense center (CDC) for 15 consecutive Sundays to become a reservist.

ROTC graduates, CAFGU and former enlisted personnel should visit the CDCs to signify their intent of activation in the Reserve Force after getting an order of separation from their previous armed service.

What ranks and assignments will they be given?

For the basic ROTC graduates, they will be given a reserve enlisted rank and serial number and will be assigned in their provincial reserve units and mobilization centers. The ranks to be awarded shall be from private to sergeant. Those to be awarded ranks above private shall be chosen based on merit. The same goes for the graduates of the SBCMT.

To those who wish to continue to the advance ROTC course they shall carry their enlisted rank until after their successful completion of advance ROTC.

The graduates of advance ROTC on the other hand, shall be recommended for commission in the reserve force as second lieutenants and will also be assigned in their respective provincial reserve units and mobilization centers.

Those with manifest potential may be commissioned in the regular force as 2LTs; but, those who fail to complete the course shall be conferred the enlisted rank of Sergeant.

Will there be trainings after enlistment?

Trainings are conducted to enhance the readiness of individual reservists and reserve units to respond to the call to service. One of which is the Compulsory Training for the First Category Reservists, which takes about not less than thirty days but more than sixty days in a given year.

Voluntary Training is also encouraged for individual reservists, commissioned and non-commissioned officers to upgrade their proficiency.

What is the status of reservists on training?

Reservists on compulsory and voluntary training shall be subject to military law and shall not receive pay but shall be entitled to allowances and burial benefits as provided by law.

How about the status of reservists under mobilization?

When enlisted or officer reservists are called to active duty by virtue of mobilization, they shall receive all the pay and allowances, medical care, hospitalization and other privileges and benefits prescribed by law or regulations for officers and enlisted personnel of the regular force.

Who are qualified to be commissioned as officers of the Reserve Force?

a) Degree holders who are Advance ROTC graduates or have successfully completed the prescribed program of instruction for the Probationary Officer Training Course (POTC/MS-43) conducted by the Major Service RESCOMS

b) Degree holders requiring four (4) or more years of study in the courses of interest to the AFP and who are graduates of the basic ROTC

c) Elected government officials and presidential appointees who may qualify for commission

d) Non-commissioned officers (NCOs) COs/Petty Officers (Pos) of the regular force with outstanding records of service and technical experience and those who have rendered exceptional services in combat or other activity involving risk of life or limb

e) Graduates of the Master in National Security Administration (MNSA) conducted by the National Defense College of the Philippines (NDCP)

f) Key and Technical personnel of affiliated reserve units

g) Regular Officers who have resigned his/her commission and the acceptance of which was not for cause or Reserve Officer who are no longer qualified for Call to Active Duty (CAD) provided his reversion is not for cause


What is the process for application?

The AFP Reserve Command and the Major Services through their respective RESCOM are responsible for soliciting applicants for commission and all applications shall be thoroughly screened by the screening boards which shall recommend candidates for commission to the Major Service /AFPRESCOM Commanders then to the Chief of Staff, AFP.

The Reserve Commands, in this case, the Army Reserve Command, upon receipt of the complete application, shall request for a conduction of background information (BI). While BI is still ongoing, an Interim Clearance shall be issued so that the supporting documents can be processed.

The Chief of Staff, AFP, based on the evaluation and recommendation of the DCSRRA J9, shall recommend to the President, through SND, the commission in the Reserve Force, AFP of qualified candidates. The Adjutant General, AFP shall then publish the appropriate orders announcing the appointment of reservist officers commissioned.
 
 VOLUNTEER SERVICE. The Army reservists perform their jobs without any remuneration. They are recently hailed for their splendid performance during the heaving flooding brought about by continuous rains in Metro Manila and nearby provinces. (Photo by Cpl Marlon San Esteban)




78 comments:

  1. Sir on behalf of my comrades from the ARESCOM my thank you for paying tribute to the reservists in your blogs. You've uplifted our morale.

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    1. You are doing a 'thankless' job. You all deserve to be recognized by all Filipino people.

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    2. sir tanong ko lng paanu mgpaactive uli..2yrs n akong wla report... from 1304th cdc

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    3. sir tanong ko lng paanu mgpaactive uli..2yrs n akong wla report... from 1304th cdc

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  2. Good day sir. I am a wife of a reserve officer. My husband wanted to apply for CAD/OPC. Is he qualified to apply even if he is already married?

    I am hoping for an immediate response to my query.
    Thank you.

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    Replies
    1. Kung filler CAD ang binabanggit mo, pwede yon kahit married. For two years lang syang mag-serve. For other details, tell him to go to the Personnel Officer of any ARESCOM/AFPRESCOM unit because they are in the best position to know the current policies. :-)

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  3. I'm interested to join army reservist, how and where to apply?
    litofonte@yahoo.com

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  4. Sir college grad po ako pero wala kami ROTC. Sa BCMT lang po ba ako pwede? At sa CDC kung anong region po ba ako pupunta? Salamat sir at GOD Bless

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    Replies
    1. Just go to the RCDG in your region. :-)

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  5. Sir I'm interested to be an Air Force Reserve I'm currently working as Risk Specialist in an Airline Company overseas specializing in rescue, fire fighting, first aid, safety and risk management and security air restraint. I finish college overseas so I don't have ROTC but I really want to join Air Force reserve I hope you can help me for information on how to join thanks.

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    1. I am not familiar with the PAF RESCOM processes pero halos parehas lang iyon. You can also join the AFPRESCOM or ARESCOM where your skills and knowledge can be put to use.

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    2. Thank you for information sir!

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    3. Hi Anthony Dominic. Please check the links. Thanks.
      http://www.paf.mil.ph/Units/AFRC/join.html

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  6. Can I still join the reservist army though I didn't take ROTC way back on my college days Sir?

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    1. Yes, pwede iyon pero kailangan mong mag undergo ng basic military training tuwing weekend iyan. Para sa detalye, bisitahin ang RCDG personnel officer. :-)

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  7. I resigned from the Philippine Air Force Flying School in 1990, am I qualified to join the Reserve?

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  9. Sir, thank you posting this material. It's really informative. However, I just want to clarify some things:
    1) If an applicant has been qualified as commissioned reservist,will he or she be classified in CAD and receive regular salary as prescribed for his/her rank?
    2) If commissioned-reserved officers have no salary, can they still work in public or private company at the same time to support their living?
    3) After two years, what would happen to the commissioned officers? Do they have to re-apply again?
    Thank you.

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  10. Sir, can the reservists be awarded medals or ribbons if they finish certain courses, trainings, or tasks?

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    1. Yes, walang distinction ang regular soldiers at reservists when it comes to granting of awards (non-combat) at training certificates. Meron lang mga training na hindi sila pwede sa ngayon except career schooling (e.g. Basic Infantry Officer Course, CGSC, MNSA, etc).

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  11. Good Day Sir. I am interested in applying for Reserve Force. I'm a licensed ECE, and working at a Telecom Company for 5 years. However, I did not take the ROTC course during College. Is it still possible for me to apply?

    - 82 Brat

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    Replies
    1. If you are in Manila, you can either go to AFRESCOM in Camp Aguinaldo or NCRRCDG in Fort Bonifacio.

      You are most welcome! :-)

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  12. Good day to you and staff; I am a barangay official and wanted to join as reserved, kindly give me an information on how to join. Thanks

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    Replies
    1. Jame, puntahan mo ang RCDG sa iyong lugar. :-)

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  13. pls send it to my email jim_insurer@yahoo.com. Thank You

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  14. May sweldo din po ang mga reserve officer and enlisted?tnx po

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  15. Wala pong sweldo ang mga reservists ni allowance wala rin.

    Para po sa mga inquiries at proseso sa pag-apply, hanapin na lang po natin sa website o i-research ang mga contact info ng: ARESCOM, PARESCOM, NAVRESCOM, AFPRESCOM.

    Sila po ang makasagot dahil may iba po silang polisiya para sa mga mag-apply pagka-reservist.

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  16. Hello Sir, I would like to be a member of the reservist here in my province. I am presently connected with a government agency. I have been a civil servant for 13 years already. Lately, I get curious about the idea of serving my country as a reserve officer of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. You have mentioned about the third category of reservists and it gave me the hope to explore the option of enrolling as a reservist under the said category. I am a baccalaureate degree holder of AB Political Science. I am hoping that this inquiry shall be given due course. Thank you.

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    1. Alvin, visit mo ang CDC or RCDG sa iyong probinsya at doon ka mag-apply sa kanilang S1. Thank you for your interest in serving the country as a reservist! :-)

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  17. good day sir, dati po ako ex-enlisted personnel ng army! qualified po ba ako as reservist? thank you and god bless sir

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    Replies
    1. Syempre. Maliban siguro kung dishonorable discharge ka, baka di ka papasa sa basic requirements.

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  18. Sir puwede ba ako maging reservist kahit may tattoo?

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    1. I understand, bawal ang tattoo sa mga sundalo. Better ipabura mo na lang kaysa late mo nang ma-realize na bawal iyan.

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    2. sir pwdi po ba me maging reservist kht po undergrad po me sir gusto ko po sana maging reservist

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    3. sir pwede ba mag apply sa reservist kahit my tatoo ng guardians at magdiwang sa braso.

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  19. Good day sir.. Planu ko magtraining ng OCC sa Phil.army..graduate na po ako pero ung natapos ko lng sa advance ROTC ay MS-32 lng...pwede po ba magtraining o ipagpatuloy ulit ung ROTC ko para sa MS-43 for reserve 2nd lieutenant rank...

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    1. Kung mag-OCC ka, no need to finish ROTC though bonus ang mga matutunan mo doon pati ang physical preparation for the rigorous training sa OCS.

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    2. Not OCC pala sir, OPC pala kc endi na ako pwede sa OCC kc I'm 26 na nxt year so panu po ito sir kc isa sa requirement ng OPC dapat natapos ung MS-43 pero ung natapos ko MS32 lng

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  20. Sir good pm. Pwede po ba malaman kung ano ang difference ng BCMT sa MOT? Gusto ko po kasi sana maging reservist, pero hindi pa ako makpamili sa dalawang yun.

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  21. Sir gusto ko maging reservist, graduate ako ng engineering, pero ang na-accomplished ko lang po sa ROTC ay: CMT-11, CMT-21 & CMT-22. Kulang po ako ng CMT-12. paano po ba ang proseso.?TY

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  22. Good day sir! There is a friend of mine who ask me if I might want to join reservist. May I ask, what if I only got MS11 and MS12 during our 1st year college? Our 2nd year training was LES or Law Enforcement Services. And how will my PRC issued licenses, like: Registered Master Plumber, Registered and Licensed Architect, Professional Teacher with Master of Arts in Education, Major in Educational Management, and Environmental Planner; help or aid me when I join the AFP Reserve Force? Thank you!

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  23. Sir tanung lang po tuwing kailan po b pwede mag apply ng reasirvist sa army yung kaibigan ko po kasi start na ng training nila eh hindi po ako makakapunta kasi my pasok po ako

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  24. Sir, im 27yrs old but turning 28 this coming june 2016 and HighSchool grad. Lang po ang natapos ko currently work as security guard. Sir, Reservist Trainee po ako sa AFPRESCOM for MOT. sir, gusto ko po sana malaman kung may chance po ba ako ma CAD kapag Enlisted na po ako sa reserve force. Thank you sir for the answer more powers and godbless sir.

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  25. Hi Sir, i'm a reservist technical officer already under the affiliated hospital of AFP. I just resigned from that company but would still like to be part of the enlisted reservist. Prior resignation, I already got my ranks and other docs issued for reservist. Any recommendation on my next step? I called Camp Aguinaldo but they can't give me detailed step and told me to just go directly to AFPRESCOM. I hope you can help me. Thank you!

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  26. Sir graduate po ako ng MS 42 pero di ako nakapag POTC kasi nagtrabaho na po ako. Teacher po ako sa high school at 10 years na po s profession ko. Tanong ko lang po kung pwede pa po ako mag MS 43 khit 34 years old na ako?

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  27. Pwed kaya ako mag ready reserve nurse grad.po ako..san unit po ako pwede dto sa ncr..sa required nu na po ung cwts kasi wala ako rotc wala namn ho ata kaung bcmt sa fort bonifacio..tnx..

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  28. Goof day..can I join sir..
    Im automotive technology graduate..4years.
    I'm also a guardians member.
    And a single mother..

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  29. am i too old to join the corp of professor? 49 yo and hopefully will finished my graduate studies at the age of 50

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  30. i finished my MS 42 way back in 1995 but i dont have my ROTC diploma or any related documents (orders etc). i like to join in the army reserve command. will it be possible?

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  31. i finished my MS 42 way back in 1995 but i dont have my ROTC diploma or any related documents (orders etc). i like to join in the army reserve command. will it be possible?

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  32. Good pm sir,my father is late arm force reservist,pero awol po cia.tanong ko lang po may pension po b makukuha ang mother ko?2004 po ng mamatay ang tatay ko at 13 yrs in service po cia before nag AWOL

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  33. good day, I am engineering graduate a 5 years course and specialized in investigation as private employee located in iligan city, and i am willing to be part of army reservist. do i have a chance? im 31 years of age.

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  34. Sir, I am currently an OFW ( Engineer) and if categorized on the Reserve Force, will already by the Second Category. Im from Quezon Province and interested to join the Reserve Force. Camp Nakar in Lucena is near to my place. Are they offering training for the Reserve Force in the said Camp? Thank you in advance.

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    1. Being an engineer, you can be commissioned as a 2 Lt. / Ensign. Go to the nearest Reserve Command in your area to get the necessary forms and requirements.

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  35. Sir, may I ask if there is any chance that an undergrad that completes sbcmt will be promoted to 2nd Lt based on merits even though he did not graduate?

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    1. I mean did not finished his degree

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    2. I mean did not finished his degree

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  36. Good day.

    I'm a registered Nurse however I didn't enter ROTC, instead it was CWTS. I'm already 31 years old, can I still enlist in ARESCOM?

    Hoping for your swift reply.

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    Replies
    1. You can join the Reserve Command as a 2 Lt. / Ensign by being a bearer of a PRC license. Just inquire and get the necessary application forms at any Reserve Commands near you.

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  37. Hi, may difference po ba ang reservist rank sa regular army rank?

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  38. sir dalawang courses aq nggraduate sir which belong i rank sir salamt and godbless

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  39. ready to reserve sir may salary bah?

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  41. Hi Sir, good morning. I am currently a First Year College (18 years old) taking up BS Criminology and currently taking ROTC. I am very much interested to be a reserve Army. Can I be qualified?

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  42. Good evening po sir gusto q ko po mag training ng reserve army tesda graduate po aq

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  43. Sir, i am a graduate of Masters in Criminology, a RA 6506 Eligible, my highest training is HRMO Officers Course, i am connected with the PNP as NON-Uniformed Personnel, i would like to join the reserve army of the Philippines, thank you and more power!

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  44. Sir,I'm a professional agricultural engineer. Natapos ko po un rotc nung college ako. I'm 25 years old turning 26 this year. I'm very much interested to join the afp.how can i join po?

    Hoping for your reply. Thank you and GOD bless you.

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  45. Mag-inquire po sana ako sa pag enlist as reservist. Taga Cainta po ako at 25 yrs old, single at undergraduate ng college. Gusto ko po sana mag training ng Basic Citizen's Military Training BCMT. Saang office po ako pwede pumunta at mag apply?

    Salamat..

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    Replies
    1. On going po ngaun training ng SBCMT sa Cainta Municipality Every Saturday Morning Pwede ko po kayo matulungan if u are willing to Join Arescom

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    2. Call or txt 09292639256 im also a trainee of SBCMT Delta Company Cainta

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  46. sir good pm... ask ko lang po. pag nag qualify po for commisionship or commissioned officer...wala po bang salary yun? Im a PRC license holder and about to finish my master's degree...

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  47. Good evening sir may I inquire po if kung papaano mag apply to call to active duty I am a bearer of a PRC License which is registered criminologist kaka graduate ko lang po last april of SBCMT and currently held a rank of private

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  48. good evening po sir, may chance po ba maging regular soldier ang isang reservist , thanks po.

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  49. good morning sir/madam, tanong ko lng po kung perehas lng po ang training ng reservist at ng regular cadet.

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  50. napatay na po yata kayo.....

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  51. hello po.. nasa anong range naman po ang salary ng mga reserve sir? based on their category? thank you.

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  52. Good day po Sir. Gusto ko lang po magtanong, saan po ba ang nearest RCDG in Zamboanga del Norte province?

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  53. Good day sir, I'm a nurse and want to become a reservist but I didn't have any ROTC background. What process should I take? Thank you!

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